Simultaneous congenital and acquired extrahepatic portosystemic shunts in two dogs

Ferrell EA, Graham JP, Hanel R, et al.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2003;44:38-42.

Two dogs with simultaneous congenital and acquired portosystemic shunts are reported. The first dog was an eight-month-old, male Golden Retriever with a history of peritoneal effusion, polyuria/polydipsia, and stunted growth. The dog had a microcytic, hypochromic anemia, a mildly elevated AST, and a moderate to severely elevated preprandial and postprandial serum bile acids. Transcolonic portal scintigraphy confirmed the presence of a portosystemic shunt. An intraoperative mesenteric portogram was performed. Two conjoined congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts and multiple acquired extrahepatic portosystemic shunts were identified. The second dog was a five-month-old, mixed breed with two week history of peritoneal effusion. Abdominal ultrasound and transcolonic scintigraphy were used to diagnose a portosystemic shunt. A single extrahepatic portosystemic shunt, portal hypertension, and multiple acquired collateral shunts were identified at surgery. The histologic alterations observed in these dogs were consistent with a portosystemic shunt. In these dogs, the presence of congenital and acquired portosystemic shunts and histopathologic findings are considered to represent a combination of congenital portosystemic shunts and noncirrhotic portal hypertension or portal vein hypoplasia.