Littler RM, Polton GA, Brearley MJ.
The use of insulin-like growth factor 1 assays in the diagnosis and subsequent monitoring after radiotherapy of an acromegalic cat with a secretory pituitary adenoma and secondary insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus is described. Diabetes resolved, and exogenous insulin was no longer required for the maintenance of normoglycaemia 10 months after completion of a course of hypofractionated radiotherapy. However, insulin-like growth factor 1 remained elevated, and the cat’s size and appetite continued to increase. It is suggested that radiotherapy may decrease growth hormone concentration to a level such that diabetogenic effects are no longer evident but not to a level required to decrease insulin-like growth factor 1 secretion.