Imaging Diagnosis—Meningoencephalitis Secondary To Suppurative Rhinitis And Meningoencephalocele Infection In A Dog

Rosenblatt AJ, Scrivani PV, Caserto BG, et al.

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2014;55:614-619.

Nasal encephaloceles (meningoceles or meningoencephaloceles) are rare and not reported to be infected or coupled with a facial deformity in dogs. This report describes an older dog with acute worsening of seizures due to suppurative meningoencephalitis with coexisting suppurative rhinitis and infection of a meningoencephalocele. Additionally, the dog had a facial deformity for at least 5 years. The results of necropsy, computed tomography, and postmortem magnetic resonance imaging are compared. The development of nasal encephaloceles is discussed, including the potential role of early trauma, and whether separation of neural ectoderm from the surface ectoderm is part of the pathogenesis.