Altered Disposition of Propylthiouracil in Cats with Hyperthyroidism

Peterson M.E., Aucoin D.P., Davis C.A., et al.

Res Vet Sci, 1988. 45(1): p.1-3.


The oral and intravenous disposition of the anti-thyroid drug propylthiouracil (PTU) was determined in six clinically healthy cats and four cats with naturally occurring hyperthyroidism. Compared with the normal cats, the mean plasma elimination half-life of PTU was significantly (P less than 0.001) shorter in the hyperthyroid cats (77.5 +/- 5.8 minutes compared with 125.5 +/- 3.7 minutes) and the total body clearance of PTU was significantly (P less than 0.05) more rapid in the cats with hyperthyroidism (5.1 +/- 0.8 ml kg-1 min-1 compared with 2.7 +/- 0.2 ml kg-1 min-1). Following oral administration, both the bioavailability (59.7 +/- 4.9 per cent compared with 73.3 +/- 3.7 per cent) and peak plasma concentrations (14.5 +/- 1.6 micrograms ml-1 compared with 18.9 +/- 0.9 micrograms ml-1) of PTU were significantly (P less than 0.05) lower in the hyperthyroid cats than in the control cats. No difference was noted, however, between the apparent volume of distribution for PTU in the two groups of cats. Overall, results of this study indicate that the oral bioavailability of PTU is decreased and PTU disposition is accelerated in cats with hyperthyroidism.