Validation of nonradioactive chemiluminescent immunoassay methods for the analysis of thyroxine and cortisol in blood samples obtained from dogs, cats, and horses

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Singh AK, Jiang Y, White T, et al.

J Vet Diagn Invest 1997;9:261-268.

The performances of a radioimmunoassay method, a chemiluminescent immunoassay method, and a chemiluminescent-enzyme immunoassay method were evaluated for the analysis of cortisol and total thyroxine in blood samples obtained from dogs, cats, horses, and humans (reference samples). The analysis of cortisol in human and animal samples exhibited good precision, linearity, and recovery. The 3 methods gave comparable values for the ACTH-induced increase and the dexamethasone-induced decrease in cortisol concentrations in animal samples. The recoveries of total thyroxine from human samples, analyzed by the 3 methods, were comparable. However, the basal total thyroxine concentrations determined by the chemiluminescent immunoassay method were 30-40% lower than those determined by the radioimmunoassay and the chemiluminescent-enzyme immunoassay methods in animal samples. In both human and animal samples, the plot of thyroxine values obtained by the radioimmunoassay method against those obtained by the chemiluminescent immunoassay method or the chemiluminescent-enzyme immunoassay method was linear. However, although the slope of the radioimmunoassay versus chemiluminescent-enzyme immunoassay curve was close to unity, the slope of the radioimmunoassay versus chemiluminescent immunoassay curve was 0.6. This result suggests that, compared with the radioimmunoassay method, the chemiluminescent immunoassay method underestimated thyroxine values in animal samples but not in human samples. Although all 3 methods yielded comparable changes in thyroxine concentrations in response to thyroid stimulating hormone, they did not yield comparable thyroxine concentrations in response to T3 suppression in dogs and cats.