Anders KJ, McLoughlin MA, Samii VF, et al.
Ureteral ectopia is a well-described cause of urinary incontinence in female dogs, but this condition has not been completely characterized in male dogs. Sixteen male dogs with ectopic ureters were evaluated between Jan 1999 and Mar 2007. Male dogs were similar to female dogs with ectopic ureters in terms of breed, presenting complaint, age of onset, and bilateral nature of the ectopia. Diagnosis was made by expert interpretation of imaging techniques such as excretory urography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). Overall, 11 of 13 dogs that had surgical correction of ectopic ureters were incontinent preoperatively. Urinary continence was restored in 82% of those dogs.