Occipital Dysplasia

Etiology Occipital dysplasia is a congenital abnormality of the formation of the occipital bones of the cranium. The most common manifestation of this condition is an underdeveloped occipital bone leading to a dorsoventrally enlarged (“keyhole shaped”) foramen magnum. In patients with this … Read More

Brain Infarction – Hemorrhagic

EtiologyHemorrhagic infarctions (otherwise known as intracerebral hemorrhage or cerebral bleed) are the result of spontaneous hemorrhage within the brain. Underlying conditions that predispose to hemorrhagic infarctions include hypertension, aneurysms and brain tumors. Hemorrhagic infarctions differ from nonhemorrhagic infarctions (otherwise called ischemic infarctions), … Read More

Pituitary Macroadenoma

Etiology A pituitary adenoma is a benign, neoplastic proliferation of epithelial cells of the pituitary gland. These cells typically demonstrate both autonomous growth and function. The most common pituitary adenomas in veterinary medicine are microscopic tumors of the basophilic or chromophobic cells … Read More

Hydrocephalus – Congenital

EtiologyThe term hydrocephalus is derived from the greek “hydro” for water and “cephalus” for head. As such the condition is one in which there is an increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the intracranial cavity. Hydrocephalus is considered congenital … Read More

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